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Turnover
A measure of a fund's trading history that is expressed as a percentage. A fund with a 100% turnover generally changes the composition of its entire portfolio each year. A low turnover figure (20% to 30%) would indicate a buy-and-hold strategy. High turnover (more than 100%) would indicate an investment strategy involving considerable buying and selling of securities. Funds with higher turnover incur greater brokerage fees for affecting the trades. They also tend to distribute more capital gains than low-turnover funds, because high-turnover funds are constantly realizing the gains. A change in a fund's general turnover pattern can indicate changing market conditions, a new management style or a change in the fund's investment objective.
Turnover Rate
The rate at which the fund buys and sells securities each year. For example, if a fund's assets total $100 million and the fund bought and sold $100 million of securities that year, its portfolio turnover rate would be 100%.
Twelve b-1 fees (12-b-1 fees)
12-b-1 fees are named for the 1980 Securities and Exchange regulation that created them. The fees represent annual charges leviedagainst the total balance of a mutual fund's assets and are used to pay financial advisers and brokerage firms who steer investors towards thefund. Although these funds are not charged directly, each individual investor pays for them as they reduce the overall investment returns of thefund. The fees charged are separate from load or back-end commissions. According to a recent study by Lipper Analytical Services,approximately 60% of all mutual funds, including "no load mutual funds" charge these fees.
Twelve month yield
Change in price of fund plus dividends received per share over past year divided by price of fund. A better measure of total return than simply rate of price rise.
Two-factor Model
Black's zero-beta version of the capital asset pricing model.
Two-fund Separation Theorem
The theoretical result that all investors will hold a combination of the risk-free asset and the market portfolio.
Type
The classification of an option contract as either a put or a call.
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