Glossary
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 Theoretical futures price
 Also called the fair price, the equilibrium futures price.
 Theoretical spot rate curve
 A curve derived from theoretical considerations as applied to the yields of actually traded Treasury debt securities because there are no zerocoupon Treasury debt issues with a maturity greater than one year. Like the yield curve, this is a graphical depiction of the term structure of interest rates.
 Theoretical value
 An option value generated by a mathematical option's pricing model to determine what an option is really worth.
 Theta
 Also called time decay, the ratio of the change in an option price to the decrease in time to expiration.
 Threephase DDM
 A version of the dividend discount model which applies a different expected dividend rate depending on a company's lifecycle phase, growth phase, transition phase, or maturity phase.
 Threeyear annualized return
 The average return each year over a threeyear period. Takes into consideration the reinvestment of capital gains and dividends as well as price changes.
 Tick
 Refers to change in price, either up or down. Related: Point
 Ticktest rules
 SECimposed restrictions on when a short sale may be executed, intended to prevent investors from destabilizing the price of a stock when the market price is falling. A short sale can be made only when either (1) the sale price of the particular stock is higher than the last trade price (referred to as an uptick trade) or (2) if there is not change in the last trade price of the particular stock, the previous trade price must be higher than the trade price that preceded it (referred to as a zero uptick).
 Ticker
 Abbreviation used by brokerage firms to identify fund easily.
 Tilted portfolio
 An indexing strategy that is linked to active management through the emphasis of a particular industry sector, selected performance factors such as earnings momentum, dividend yield, priceearnings ratio, or selected economic factors such as interest rates and inflation.
 Time Decay
 The amount of time premium movement within a certain time frame on an option due to the passage of time in relation to the expiration of the option itself.
 Time Premium
 The additional value of an option due to the volatility of the market and the time remaining until expiration.
 Time Value (Extrinsic Value)
 The amount that the current market price of a right, warrant or option exceeds its intrinsic value.
 Timeweighted rate of return
 Related: Geometric mean return
 Timing option
 For a Treasury bond or note futures contract, the seller's choice of when in the delivery month to deliver.
 Top Down
 An investment approach that first seeks to define major economic and industry trends, and then proceeds to identify specific companies that are likely to benefit from those trends. (See also "bottomup.")
 Total asset turnover
 The ratio of net sales to total assets.
 Total debt to equity ratio
 A capitalization ratio comparing current liabilities plus longterm debt to shareholders' equity.
 Total net assets
 Indicates the total amount of assets, including cash, that a fund holds as of a certain date.
 Total return
 In performance measurement, the actual rate of return realized over some evaluation period. In fixed income analysis, the potential return that considers all three sources of return (coupon interest, interest on interest, and any capital gain/loss) over some investment horizon.
