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A group of ETFs managed by State Street Global Advisors. These ETFs track various indexes, including Dow Jones style-specific and global indexes, technology indexes from Morgan Stanley Dean Witter, and the Wilshire REIT index. StreetTracks are open-end funds, not unit investment trusts, and trade on the American Stock Exchange.
Strike index
For a stock index option, the index value at which the buyer of the option can buy or sell the underlying stock index. The strike index is converted to a dollar value by multiplying by the option's contract multiple. Related: Strike price
Strike price
The price at which an option can be converted by exercise into the underlying futures contract.
A brokerage house practice of separating a bond into two separate securities: a principal portion (PO) and an interest portion (IO). A variation known by the acronym "STRIPS" (Separate Trading of Registered Interest and Principal of Securities) is a stripped zero-coupon bond that is a direct obligation of the U.S. Treasury. Other strips include Treasuries stripped by brokers, such as TIGERS, and Salomon Brothers' tax-exempt M-CATS.
Strong form efficiency
Pricing efficiency, where the price of a security reflects all information, whether or not it is publicly available. Related: Weak form efficiency, Semistrong form efficiency
Structured portfolio strategy
A strategy in which a portfolio is designed to achieve the performance of some predetermined liabilities that must be paid out in the future.
Style drift
When a fund moves away from its stated investment objective or the nature of its targeted asset class change over time.
A historical price level at which falling prices have stopped falling and either moved sideways or reversed direction.
Swap reversal
An interest rate swap designed to end a counterparty's role in another interest rate swap, accomplished by counterbalancing the original swap in maturity, reference rate, and notional amount.
Swap sale
Also called a swap assignment, a transaction that ends one counterparty's role in an interest rate swap by substituting a new counterparty whose credit is acceptable to the other original counterparty.
Options on interest rate swaps. The buyer of a swaption has the right to enter into an interest rate swap agreement by some specified date in the future. The swaption agreement will specify whether the buyer of the swaption will be a fixed-rate receiver or a fixed-rate payer. The writer of the swaption becomes the counterparty to the swap if the buyer exercises.
Swing chart
A swing chart is closely associated with the Gann tool. Gann's main trading philosophy was to trade with a close stop loss and select the most opportune trades in the direction of the main trend. To confirm a trend was in progress, he would look for lower highs and higher lows to form after a major reversal in trend. The method he used to monitor trends and filter out any random market noise was the Swing Chart. Swing charts have multiple purposes: 1) to remove the "noise" from bar charts, thus clearly define a market swing; 2) to define the trend (higher tops / higher bottoms = trend is up); 3) to take the guesswork out of determining points "A", "B" and "C" (they are successive swings", "bottom/top/bottom or top/bottom/top); 4) to show whether the market is expanding, neutral, or contracting; 5) to show how strong the trend is; and 6) to indicate how sustainable the trend is.
The measurement of price movement between extreme highs and lows.
Liquidating an existing position and simultaneously reinstating a position in another futures contract of the same type.
The 5-digit identifier code assigned to each mutual fund by NASDAQ. This code is used to identify the correct fund in all transactions. This symbol may only loosely resemble the newspaper listing--these tend to be phonetic abbreviations of fund names.
Symmetric cash matching
An extension of cash flow matching that allows for the short-term borrowing of funds to satisfy a liability prior to the liability due date, resulting in a reduction in the cost of funding liabilities.
Synthetic Long Call
A long put and a long stock or future.
Synthetic Long Put
A long call and a short stock or future.
Synthetic Long Stock
A short put and a long call.
Synthetic Short Call
A short put and a short stock or future.
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