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Steepening of the yield curve
A change in the yield curve where the spread between the yield on a long-term and short-term Treasury has increased. Compare flattening of the yield curve and butterfly shift.
Step-up bond
A bond that pays a lower coupon rate for an initial period which then increases to a higher coupon rate. Related: Deferred-interest bond, Payment-in-kind bond
Stochastic models
Liability-matching models that assume that the liability payments and the asset cash flows are uncertain. Related: Deterministic models
A share of a company's stock translates into ownership of part the company.
Stock Exchange or Stock Market
An organized marketplace where buyers and sellers are brought together to buy and sell stocks.
Stock Fund
A fund that invests primarily in stocks.
Stock index option
An option in which the underlying is a common stock index.
Stock market
Also called the equity market, the market for trading equities.
Stock option
An option in which the underlying is the common stock of a corporation.
Stock replacement strategy
A strategy for enhancing a portfolio's return, employed when the futures contract is expensive based on its theoretical price, involving a swap between the futures, Treasury bills portfolio and a stock portfolio.
Stock Split
An increase in the number of a stock's shares that results in decreasing the par value of its stock.
Stop order (or stop)
An order to buy or sell at the market when a definite price is reached, either above (on a buy) or below (on a sell) the price that prevailed when the order was given.
Stop-limit order
A stop order that designates a price limit. In contrast to the stop order, which becomes a market order if the stop is reached, the stop-limit order becomes a limit order if the stop is reached.
Buy stops are orders that are placed at a specified price over the current price of the market. Sell stops are orders that are placed with a specified price below the current price.
Purchase or sale of an equal number of puts and calls with the same terms at the same time. Related: Spread
Straight value
Also called investment value, the value of a convertible security without the conversion option.
A position consisting of a long (short) call and a long (short) put where both options have the same underlying, the same expiration date, but different strike prices. Most strangles involve OTM options.
Stratified equity indexing
A method of constructing a replicating portfolio in which the stocks in the index are classified into stratum, and each stratum is represented in the portfolio.
Stratified sampling approach to indexing
An approach in which the index is divided into cells, each representing a different characteristic of the index, such as duration or maturity.
Stratified sampling bond indexing
A method of bond indexing that divides the index into cells, each cell representing a different characteristic, and that buys bonds to match those characteristics.
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