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Securities and Commodities Exchanges
Organized exchanges where securities, options and futures contracts are traded.
Securities and Exchange Commission
Federal agency that regulates U.S. financial markets, also known as SEC.
Securitization
The process of creating a passthrough, such as the mortgage pass-through security, by which the pooled assets become standard securities backed by those assets.
Security
A trading instrument such as stocks, bonds, and short-term investments.
Security deposit (initial)
Synonymous with the term margin. A cash amount of funds that must be deposited with the broker for each contract as a guarantee of fulfillment of the futures contact. It is not considered as part payment or purchase. Related: Margin
Security deposit (maintenance)
Related: Maintenance margin security market line (SML). A description of the risk return relationship for individual securities, expressed in a form similar to the capital market line.
Sell hedge
Related: Short hedge
Sell limit order
Conditional trading order that indicates that a security may be sold at the designated price or higher. Related: Buy limit order
Sell-side analyst
Also called a Wall Street analyst, a financial analyst who works for a brokerage firm and whose recommendations are passed on to the brokerage firm's customers.
Selling short
A trade in which the investor (working through a broker) borrows a security, sells it, repurchases it at a later time, and then returns it to the party who initially loaned the security. If the price has fallen, the short seller profits. When the security is returned, the investor is said to have "covered the short position."
Semistrong form efficiency
A form of pricing efficiency where the price of the security fully reflects all public information (including, but not limited to, historical price and trading patterns). Compare weak form efficiency and strong form efficiency.
Serial bonds
Corporate bonds arranged so that specified principal amounts become due on specified dates. Related: Term bonds
Series (Options)
All option contracts of the same class that also have the same unit of trade, expiration date, and exercise price. Shares Certificates representing ownership of stock in a corporation or company.
Series Fund
Funds that are organized with separate portfolios of securities, each with its own investment objective.
Settlement date
Also called the delivery date, the designated date at which the parties to a futures contract must transact.
Settlement Price
A figure determined by the closing range which is used to calculate gains and losses in futures market accounts. Settlement prices are used to determine gains, losses, margin calls, and invoice prices for deliveries. Related: Closing range
Settlement rate
The rate suggested in Financial Accounting Standard Board (FASB) 87 for discounting the obligations of a pension plan. The rate at which the pension benefits could be effectively settled if the pension plan wished to terminate its pension obligation.
Share classes
Some mutual funds use multiple share classes for the same underlying portfolio. For example, Class A shares would allow an investor to pay an upfront sales charge to enter a fund, whereas a Class B share would defer the sales charge based on how long the investor stays in the fund. Some mutual fund families only offer conventional share classes. Others, like Vanguard's VIPERs are offering ETF versions of their funds.
Shareholder
An investor. The shareholder is the owner of shares of a mutual fund.
Sharpe benchmark
A statistically created benchmark that adjusts for a manager's index-like tendencies.
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