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Viewing terms 1 - 20 of 125 < Previous Page - Next Page >

Stochastic Indicator
Based on the observation that as prices increase, closing prices tend to accumulate ever closer to the highs for the period.
Synthetic Straddle
Futures and options combined to create a delta neutral trade.
An unmanaged group of stocks often considered representative of the stock market in general. This index is composed of 400 industrial, 20 transportation, 40 utility, and 40 financial companies.
S&P 500 Index (Monthly Reinvestment)
A broad-based measurement of changes in stock market conditions based on the average performance of 500 widely held common stocks. Performance figures assume that all dividends are reinvested.
S&P 500 Index Fund
A fund that invests primarily in the stocks included in the S&P 500 Index. Sometimes referred to as "blue-chip" stocks, they tend to be of large, well-established companies.
SAI (Statement of Additional Information)
An attachment to the fund's prospectus that contains more detailed, supplementary information. Also referred to as "Part B," the SAI is available at no charge upon request from a fund.
Sales Charge
An amount charged to purchase shares in many mutual funds sold by brokers or other sales agents. The maximum allowable charge is 8.5% of the initial investment.
To trade for small gains. It normally involves establishing and liquidating a position quickly, usually within the same day.
Scenario analysis
The use of horizon analysis to project bond total returns under different reinvestment rates and future market yields.
Science and Technology Fund
A fund that invests primarily in the stocks of companies engaged in science and technology industries.
Search costs
Costs associated with locating a counterparty to a trade, including explicit costs (such as advertising) and implicit costs (such as the value of time). Related: Information costs
Seasonal Market
A market with a consistent but short-lived rise or drop in market activity due to predictable changes in climate or calendar.
The traditional term for membership in a stock exchange.
SEC yield
A yield calculation developed by the SEC to standardize yield data for mutual funds, close-end funds, and ETFs. The calculation uses the fund's net investment income over the last 30 days, minus income generated from capital gains or other sources. SEC yields are often quoted for bond funds.
SEC Yield
A standardized calculation that the Securities and Exchange Commission requires mutual funds to use when advertising rates of income return. This standardized rate ensures that investors are comparing "apples to apples" when comparing ads from different mutual fund companies.
Secondary market
The market where securities are traded after they are initially offered in the primary market.
Sector breakdown
Percentage of a fund's equity holdings in various industries.
Sector Fund
A fund that invests primarily in securities of companies engaged in a specific investment segment. Sector funds entail more risk, but may offer greater potential returns than funds that diversify their portfolios. For example, a sector fund may limit its holdings to securities from a particular country or geographic region, or it may specialize in the securities of energy-related firms, or in companies that produce precious metals.
Sector rotation
A strategy that uses elements of market timing to identify business sectors of the economy that are in a position to either under or outperform. For example, if an investor owned the iShares Dow Jones U.S. Utilities ETF (Amex: XLU), but felt this index was ready to underperform versus other sectors, one might consider selling this holding in favor of another one with a better outlook. In short, this particular investor would be exiting or rotating out of one sector for another.
Securities analysts
Related: Financial analysts
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