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Pit committee
A committee of the exchange that determines the daily settlement price of futures contracts.
Point Spread
The price movement required for a security to go from one "full point" level to another (i.e. stock goes up or down $1).
Points
Points apply to security prices. In the case of shares, one point indicates $1.00 per share. For bonds, , one point means 1% of par value. Commodities differ from market to market.
Policy asset allocation
A long-term asset allocation method, in which the investor seeks to assess an appropriate long-term "normal" asset mix that represents an ideal blend of controlled risk and enhanced return.
Pooling
Pooling is the basic concept behind mutual funds. A fund pools the money of thousands of individual and institutional investors who share common financial goals. The fund uses this pool to buy a diversified portfolio of investments
Portfolio
A collection of securities owned by an individual or an institution (like a mutual fund). A fund's portfolio may include a combination of stocks, bonds, and money market securities.
Portfolio insurance
A strategy using a leveraged portfolio in the underlying stock to create a synthetic put option.
Portfolio internal rate of return
The rate of return computed by first determining the cash flows for all the bonds in the portfolio and then finding the interest rate that will make the present value of the cash flows equal to the market value of the portfolio.
Portfolio Manager
The individual who is responsible for managing a mutual fund's assets.
Portfolio turnover
Relates to the frequency with which a money manager is buying and selling securities within a fund. High portfolio turnover translates into higher trading costs whereas low portfolio turnover is better because it lessens the impact of trading and tax related costs.
Position
A market commitment; the number of contracts bought or sold for which no offsetting transaction has been entered into. The buyer of a commodity is said to have a long position and the seller of a commodity is said to have a short position. Related: Open contracts
Position Delta
The sum of all positive and negative deltas in a hedged position.
Position Limit
The maximum number of open contracts in a single underlying instrument.
Positive carry
Related: Net financing cost
Positive convexity
A property of option-free bonds whereby the price appreciation for a large change in interest rates will be greater (in absolute terms) than the price depreciation for the same change in interest rates.
Post-trade benchmarks
Prices after the decision to trade.
Pre-trade benchmarks
Prices occurring before or at the decision to trade.
Precious Metals Fund
A fund that seeks an increase in the value of its holdings by investing at least two-thirds of its portfolio in securities associated with gold, silver, and other precious metals. Also known as "gold funds."
Preferred stock
A class of stock that shares characteristics of both common stock and debt.
Premium
The price of an options contract; also, in futures trading, the amount the futures price exceeds the price of the spot commodity. Related: Inverted market premium payback period. Also called break-even time, the time it takes to recover the premium per share of a convertible security.
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