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Maximum Front-End Load
The fee an investor pays when purchasing shares of a fund. A fund has different load breakpoints depending on the purchase total. For example, a fund may charge: 4.5% to $100,000 - 4.0% to $250,000 - 3.0% to $500,000 - 2.0% to $1 Million - 0.0% thereafter
Maximum price fluctuation
The maximum amount the contract price can change, up or down, during one trading session, as fixed by exchange rules in the contract specification. Related: Limit price
Mean-variance efficient portfolio
Related: Markowitz efficient portfolio
Median market capitalization
Market value (capitalization) of the middle stock in a portfolio of stocks if sorted by capitalization.
Medium-term note
A corporate debt instrument that is continuously offered to investors over a period of time by an agent of the issuer. Investors can select from the following maturity bands: 9 months to 1 year, more than 1 year to 18 months, more than 18 months to 2 years, etc., up to 30 years.
Micro-Caps
A subset of small-caps. Stocks of companies with a market capitalization of less that $50 million are "micro caps." Micro-caps tend to be new, relatively untested corporations that can offer greater growth potential than larger caps, but also entail greater risk.
Mid cap
Refers to companies with a market capitalization between $1 billion and $5 billion.
Mid-Cap Fund
A fund that invests primarily in the stocks of companies with a medium market capitalization (mid caps).
Minimum initial purchase
Minimum an investor may deposit initially. It may be lower in some cases for IRA retirement accounts.
Minimum price fluctuation
Smallest increment of price movement possible in trading a given contract. Also called point or tick. Related: Point, Tick minimum variance zero-beta portfolio. The zero-beta portfolio with the least risk.
Model
A model value for the option quote is the Bjerksund and Stensland Approximation of the Black-Scholes "fair" value of the option based on the estimated IV from the stock's other options.
Model Profit
The Optionetics option trade ranker tool software uses an option mathematical model ( the Bjerksund Stensland American option model) to fairly price the option. The Optionetics software computes what the profit of the option strategy would be using the mathematical model option prices. The profit value is called the Model Profit. If this "model profit", when the trade is formed, is close to the profit of 0.0 ( a new trade should start with no profit ) then we are confident the option data being used for the trade is good. Model profits that exceed $200 likely are caused by incorrect option data.
Modified duration
The ratio of Macaulay duration to (1 + y), where y = the bond yield. Modified duration is inversely related to the approximate percentage change in price for a given change in yield.
Momentum
When a market continues in the same direction for a certain time frame, the market is said to have momentum.
Momentum Indicator
A technical indicator utilizing price and volume statistics for predicting the strength or weakness of a current market.
Momentum Trading
Investing with (or against) the momentum of the market in hopes of profiting from it.
Money center banks
Banks that raise most of their funds from the domestic and international money markets, relying less on depositors for funds.
Money market
The market for trading short-term debt instruments (those that mature in less than one year). Related: Capital market
Money market demand account
An account that pays interest based on short-term interest rates.
Money Market Fund
Money market funds seek to maintain a stable net asset value by investing in the short-term, high-grade securities sold in the money market. These are generally the safest, most stable securities available, including Treasury bills, certificates of deposit, and commercial paper. Money market funds limit the average maturity of their portfolio to 90 days or less. They seek to generate monthly income, and to maintain a stable $1.00 per share net asset value. Some money market funds offer checkwriting privileges. No fees are generally charged to purchase or redeem shares in a money market fund. Several different portfolio types are available: Taxable, taxable government securities, and national or state tax-free.
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