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Market order
An order for immediate execution given to a broker to buy or sell at the best obtainable price.
Market portfolio
A portfolio consisting of all assets available to investors, with each asset held in proportion to its market value relative to the total market value of all assets.
Market price
The price of an ETF as determined by the market forces of supply and demand. Unlike regular open-end mutual funds, which are always bought and sold at NAV, the market price may differ from NAV. Most ETFs typically trade at market prices near their NAVs.
Market return
The total return of an ETF based on its market price at the beginning and end of the holding period. This may be different from the ETF's NAV return. The market return is the return actually earned by ETF investors, except for those who hold creation units.
Market risk
Related: Systematic risk
Market sectors
The classification of bonds by issuer characteristics, such as state government, corporate, or utility.
Market segmentation theory
A biased expectations theory that asserts that the shape of the yield curve is determined by the supply of and demand for securities within each maturity sector.
Market timer
A money manager who assumes he or she can forecast when the stock market will go up and down.
Market Timing
Attempting to time the purchase and sale of securities to coincide with ideal market conditions. Mutual fund investors may switch from stock funds to bond funds to money market funds as the strength of the economy and interest rate directions change.
Market timing costs
Costs that arise from price movement of the stock during the time of the transaction which is attributed to other activity in the stock.
Market Value
The price at which investors buy or sell a share of common stock or a bond at a given time. Market value is determined by the interaction between buyers and sellers.
Market-if-Touched (MIT)
A price order, below market if a buy or above market if a sell, that automatically becomes a market order if the specified price is reached. Related: Market order
Marketplace price efficiency
The degree to which the prices of assets reflect the available marketplace information. Marketplace price efficiency is sometimes estimated as the difficulty faced by active management of earning a greater return than passive management would, after adjusting for the risk associated with a strategy and the transactions costs associated with implementing a strategy.
Matching concept
The accounting principle that requires the recognition of all costs that are associated with the generation of the revenue reported in the income statement.
Maturity date
For a bond, the date on which the principal is required to be repaid. In an interest rate swap, the date that the swap stops accruing interest.
Maturity phase
A phase of company development in which earnings continue to grow at the rate of the general economy. Related: Three-phase DDM
Maturity spread
The spread between any two maturity sectors of the bond market.
Maturity value
Related: Par value
Max Loss
The maximum amount of losses possible from the option trade in the Optionetics option trade ranker tool.
Max Profit
The maximum amount of net profit possible from the option trade in the Optionetics option trade ranker tool.
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