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Intermediate Investment Grade Bond Fund
A fund that invests primarily in investment grade fixed income securities with dollar-weighted average maturities of five to ten years.
Intermediate U.S. Government Fund
A fund that invests primarily in government guaranteed fixed income securities with a dollar-weighted average maturity of five to ten years.
Intermediate U.S. Treasury Fund
A fund that invests primarily in U.S. Treasury bills, notes and bonds with a dollar-weighted average maturity of five to ten years.
Internal market
The mechanisms for issuing and trading securities within a nation, including its domestic market and foreign market. Compare external market.
Internal rate of return
Dollar-weighted rate of return.
Internally efficient market
Operationally efficient market.
International Depository Receipt (IDR)
A receipt issued by a bank as evidence of ownership of one or more shares of the underlying stock of a foreign corporation that the bank holds in trust. The advantage of the IDR structure is that the corporation does not have to comply with all the regulatory issuing requirements of the foreign country where the stock is to be traded. The U.S. version of the IDR is the American Depositary Receipt (ADR).
International Fund
A fund that invests primarily in the securities of companies located outside of the United States. In general, international investing not only offers diversification and the potential for high returns, but also involves special risks, such as currency concerns, and rapidly changing political scenarios.
International market
Related: See external market
Intramarket sector spread
The spread between two issues of the same maturity within a market sector. For instance, the difference in interest rates offered for five-year industrial corporate bonds and five-year utility corporate bonds.
Intrinsic value
The amount by which an option is in-the-money. An option which is not in-the-money has no intrinsic value. Related: In-the-Money
Inverse Relationship
Two or more markets which act totally opposite of one another producing negative correlations.
Inverted market
A futures market in which the nearer months are selling at price premiums to the more distant months. Related: Premium
Investment
Any purchase of an asset to increase future income.
Investment Company
An investment company invests the pooled funds of investors in securities appropriate for its stated investment objectives. For a fee, the investment company provides more diversification, liquidity, and professional management service than is normally available to individual investors. Mutual funds, known as open-end investment companies, have portfolios that can grow or be reduced, based upon market conditions and investor investment/redemption patterns. Hence the name: they have limitless numbers of shares outstanding. Closed-end funds, also called unit investment trusts, have a fixed portfolio, and a pre-set number of shares outstanding.
Investment Grade
High quality bonds that are rated Baa or higher by Moody's, or BBB or higher by Standard & Poor's. Investment grade bonds are considered safe, because the rating reflects the perceived financial stability of the issuer. Usually, however, the higher the bond's rating, the lower the interest it must pay to attract buyers.
Investment Objective
A fund's investment goal. For example, a growth fund typically has an investment objective of providing long-term growth of capital.
Investment Style
A description of a fund's investment strategy. For example, a growth fund might have a growth oriented style, a value-oriented style, or a blend of the two. Fixed-income funds tend to be managed with either an interest-rate sensitive style or a credit-sensitive style.
IRA (Individual Retirement Account)
A personal savings plan that offers tax advantages to save and invest for retirement. Contributions are often tax deductible in whole or in part, depending upon individual cirumstances, including compensation levels and participation in an employer sponsored qualified retirement plan. Income derived from investments in a traditional deductible or nondeductible IRA are tax deferred until withdrawn. Under certain circumstances, withdrawals from a Roth IRA are tax free. Tax penalties may apply to IRA distributions taken before age 59 1/2. Contributions to an IRA may not exceed $2,000 per year. Individuals with earned income may contribute up to $2,000 to the IRA of a nonemployed spouse.
Iron Butterfly
The combination of a long (short) straddle and a short (long) strangle. All options must have the same underlying and have the same expiration.
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