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Evening Up
Buying or selling to offset an existing market position. Related: Buy in, Liquidation, Offset
Event Risk
The risk that the ability of an issuer to make interest and principal payments will change because of (1) a natural or industrial accident or some regulatory change or (2) a takeover or corporate restructuring.
Ex-dividend Date
The date of ownership to receive a dividend payment. When a company announces it will pay a dividend, investors are required to be shareholders of the stock by a certain date of record to receive the dividend. It's after this date of record that the stock is said to be ex-dividend.
Excess Returns
Returns in excess of the risk-free rate or in excess of a market measure such as the S&P 500 index.
Exchange
An area where an asset, option, future, stock or derivative is bought and sold.
Exchange Privilege
A shareholder service that allows shareholders to move their assets from one fund to another fund within the same mutual fund family, usually without any additional sales charge or fees. Fund groups vary in the specific parameters detailing when or how many times an investor may use the exchange privileges.
Exchange Rate
The price at which one country's currency can be converted into another country's currency.
Exchange Rate Risk
Also called currency risk, the risk of an investment's value changing because of currency exchange rates.
Exchange-traded Fund (ETF)
The broad class of funds, excluding closed-end funds, which trade throughout the day over an exchange. ETFs have low annual expenses, but you must pay commissions to trade them. ETFs do not redeem shares for cash, and thus do not need to sell securities (possibly realizing capital gains) to pay investors who redeem their shares. They are typically more tax-efficient than mutual funds. Unlike closed-end funds, ETFs market prices usually closely track their NAVs. Most ETFs are index funds.
Exchangeable Security
A security that grants the security holder the right to exchange the security for the common stock of a firm other than the issuer of the security.
Execution
The process of completing an order to buy or sell securities.
Execution Costs
The difference between the execution price of a security and the price that would have existed in the absence of a trade, which can be further divided into market impact costs and market timing costs.
Exercise
The conversion of the option by the holder into the appropriate long or short underlying futures contract.
Exercise Price
The price at which the underlying future or options contract may be bought or sold.
Expectations Theories
Theories including the pure expectations theory, the liquidity theory of the term structure, and the preferred habitat theory, which share a hypothesis about the behavior of short-term forward rates and also assume that the forward rates in current long-term contracts are closely related to the market's expectations about future short-term rates. These three theories differ, however, on whether other factors also affect forward rates, and how.
Expected Profit
The stock price is randomly projected into the future using the stock's 20-day statistical (historical) volatility (SV) in the Optionetics option trade ranker tool. The stock price projection stops at the expiration of the earlist expiring option leg. The stock price future statistical distribution at option expiration is used to compute possible profits and losses. Expected Profit is the predicted profits minus the predicted losses expressed in total dollars.
Expected Return
The return expected on a risky asset based on a probability distribution for the possible rates of return.
Expected Value
The weighted average of a probability distribution.
Expense
A fund's cost of doing business. All of a fund's expenses are disclosed in the prospectus as a percentage of assets.
Expense Ratio
The annual fee that all funds or ETFs charge their shareholders, expressed as a percentage of the fund's average daily net assets. This ratio includes such items as the management fee, trustee's fee, license fee, and 12b-1 fee, among others. It does not include the commissions you must pay to buy and sell ETF shares, or the costs incurred by the fund in trading its securities. HOLDRs do not express their fees as expense ratios, but instead charge a flat quarterly fee per 100 shares.
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