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Cheapest to Deliver Issue
The acceptable Treasury security with the highest implied repo rate, the rate that a seller of a futures contract can earn by buying an issue and then delivering it at the settlement date.
Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT)
Established in 1886, the CBOT is the oldest commodity exchange in the United States and primarily lists grains, T-Bonds and notes, metals and indexes.
Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE)
The largest options exchange in the United States.
Class of Options
Option contracts of the same type (call or put), style and underlying security.
Classes of Shares
Various classes of a single portfolio are distinguished by the type of sales charge they levy. In general: -- Class A shares carry a front-end load. -- Class B shares carry a back-end load (also known as a contingent deferred sales charge). -- Class C shares carry an ongoing charge (usually in the form of an annual 12b-1 charge).
Clearing Member
A member firm of the Clearing House. Each Clearing Member must also be a member of the exchange. Not all members of the Exchange, however, are members of the clearing organization. All trades of a non-clearing member must be registered with and eventually settled through a Clearing Member.
Clearinghouse
An adjunct to a futures exchange through which transactions executed on the floor of the exchange are settled using a process of matching purchases and sales. A clearing organization is also charged with the proper conduct of delivery procedures and the adequate financing of the entire operation.
Clone Fund
A fund launched to mirror a closed fund. For example, fund managers may decide to close a fund that has grown so large it is no longer able to establish positions in smaller securities. They could then launch a new fund in the closed fund's image. While both funds would have the same investment objective, they would generally be run by different managers and would invest in different securities.
Close, the
The period at the end of the trading session. Sometimes used to refer to closing price. Opening, the
Closed to New Investors
Occasionally a manager may declare a fund "closed to new investors" which means that no new investments will be accepted. This is often a temporary designation, prompted by a tremendous amount of money invested in the fund in a short period of time. The portfolio manager may be concerned about finding enough appropriate securities to add to the fund's portfolio.
Closed-end Fund
An investment company that sells shares like any other corporation and usually does not redeem its shares. A publicly traded fundsold on stock exchanges or over the counter that may trade above or below its net asset value.
Closet Index Fund
An active fund with higher fees that actually tracks an index fairly closely.
Closing Purchase
A transaction to eliminate a short position.
Closing Range
The high and low prices recorded during the period designated as the official close.
Closing Sale
A transaction to eliminate a long position.
Cluster Analysis
A statistical technique that identifies clusters of stocks whose returns are highly correlated within each cluster and relatively uncorrelated between clusters. Cluster analysis has identified groupings such as growth, cyclical, stable, and energy stocks.
Collateralized Mortgage Obligation (CMO)
A security collateralized with mortgages or mortgage-backed securities. Many CMOs backed by a U.S. government agency are rated AAA. Non-agency CMOs may be lower rated.
Combination Strategy
A strategy in which a put and a call on the same underlying stock with the same strike price and expiration are either both bought or both sold. Related: Straddle
Commercial Paper
Short-term unsecured promissory notes issued by a corporation. The maturity of commercial paper is typically less than 270 days; the most common maturity range is 30 to 50 days or less.
Commission
Also known as round-turn. The one-time fee you pay a broker to buy or sell a security, futures or options position, for youraccount. The charge is typically assessed on a per-trade basis. You do not need to pay a commission to buy or sell no-load, open-end mutualfunds, giving them a cost-advantage over ETFs for investors who plan to invest regular sums of money or who trade frequently.Related: Offset, Delivery
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