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Capitalization
Refers to the current value of a corporation's outstanding shares in dollars.
Capitalization Method
A method of constructing a replicating portfolio in which the manager purchases a number of the largest-capitalized names in the index stock in proportion to their capitalization.
Capitalization Ratios
Also called financial leverage ratios, ratios that compare debt to total capitalization and thus reflect the extent to which a corporation is trading on its equity. These ratios can be interpreted only in the context of the stability of industry and company earnings and cash flow.
Capitalized
Recorded in asset accounts and then depreciated or amortized, as is appropriate for expenditures for items with useful lives greater than one year.
Capped-style Option
An option with an established profit cap or cap price.
Car
A loose quantity term sometimes used to describe a contract, e.g., "a car of bellies". Derived from the fact that quantities of the product specified in a contract used to correspond closely to the capacity of a railroad car.
Carryin
Is the amount of inventory or supply which is brought into a new crop year or season.
Carryout or Carryover
Grain and oilseed commodities not consumed during the marketing year and remaining in storage at year's end. These stocks are "carried over" into the next marketing year and added to the stocks produced during that crop year.
Cash Account
An account in which the customer is required to pay in full for all purchased securities.
Cash Commodity
The actual physical commodity as distinguished from a futures contract.
Cash Dividend
A dividend paid in cash to a shareholder out of a corporation's profits.
Cash Equivalent Items
Temporary investments of currently excess cash in short-term, high-quality investment media such as Treasury bills and bankers acceptances.
Cash Flow Per Share
Earnings after taxes plus depreciation, on a per share basis. A measure of a firm's financial strength.
Cash Markets
Also called spot markets, markets that involve the immediate delivery of a security or instrument. Related: Derivative markets
Cash Settlement Contracts
Futures contracts, such as stock index futures, which settle for cash, not involving the delivery of the underlying.
Certificate
A physical document representing the mutual fund shares owned. Certificates are rarely issued, in the interest of economy and convenience. Shares are now recorded by the Transfer Agent, or in a brokerage account (known as "street name.")
Certificate of Deposit (CD)
Also called a time deposit, a certificate issued by a bank or thrift that indicates a specified sum of money has been deposited at the issuing depository institution. A CD bears a maturity date and a specified interest rate, and can be issued in any denomination.
CFTC
The Commodity Futures Trading Commission, the federal agency created by Congress to regulate futures trading. The Commodity Exchange Act of 1974 became effective April 21, 1975. Previously, futures trading had been regulated by the Commodity Exchange Authority of the USDA.
Change
The difference between the current price and the price of the previous day of a security.
Characteristic Line
The market model applied to a single security. The slope of the line is a security's beta.
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