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Viewing terms 21 - 40 of 81 < Previous Page - Next Page >

A unit or group of securities. ETFs are some times referred to as baskets.
One who believes prices will move lower. Related: Bull
Bear Call Spread
A strategy in which a trader sells a lower strike call and buys a higher strike call to create a tradewith limited profit and limited risk. A fall in the price of the underlying increases the value of the spread. Net credit transaction; Maximumloss = difference between the strike prices less credit; Maximum gain = credit; requires margin.
Bear Market
A declining stock market over a prolonged period of time usually caused by a weak economy and subsequent decreased corporate profits.
Bear Put Spread
A strategy in which a trader sells a lower strike put and buys a higher strike put to create a trade with limited profit and limited risk. A fall in the price of the underlying increases the value of the spread. Net debit transaction; Maximum loss = d ifference between strike prices less the debit; no margin.
Before-tax profit margin
The ratio of net income before taxes to net sales.
Bellwether issues
Related: Benchmark issues
A standard index used for measuring the performance of an investment. The goal of most money managers and investors is tooutperform their respective benchmark.
Benchmark Index
Indicators used to provide a point of reference for evaluating a fund's performance. The most common benchmark for equity-oriented funds is the S&P 500 Index. For fixed-income funds it is the Lehman Brothers Aggregate Bond Index.
Benchmark interest rate
Also called the base interest rate, the minimum interest rate that investors will demand for investing in a non-Treasury security. The yield to maturity offered on a comparable-maturity Treasury security that was most recently issued ("on-the-run").
Benchmark issues
Also called on-the-run or current coupon issues or bellwether issues. In the secondary market, the most recently auctioned Treasury issues for each maturity.
A measure of volatility. Beta is a fund's volatility measured against the benchmark index, which has a set beta of 1. Therefore,if a fund has a Beta higher than 1, it is moving up and down more than the rest of the market. A fund with a Beta of 2 will move up 20 percentwhen the market rises 10 percent.
Highest price that any buyer is willing to pay for a security at any given time.
Bid and Asked
The bid (the highest price a buyer is prepared to pay for a trading asset) and the asked (the lowest price acceptable to a prospective seller of the same security) together comprise a quotation, or quote.
Bid Up
Demand for an asset drives up the price paid by buyers.
Bid-asked Spread
The difference between bid and asked prices constitute the bid-asked spread.
Black-Scholes option-pricing model
A model for pricing call options based on arbitrage arguments that uses the stock price, the exercise price, the risk-free interest rate, the time to expiration, and the standard deviation of the stock return.
Block trade
A large trading order, defined on the New York Stock Exchange as an order that consists of 10,000 shares of a given stock or that has a total market value of $200,000 or more.
Blow-Off Top
A steep and rapid increase in price followed by a steep and rapid drop in price. This indicator is often used in technical analysis.
Blue Chip Stock
A stock with solid value, good security, and a record of dividend payments or other desirable investment characteristics. Many times they have a record of consistent dividend payments, receive extensive media coverage and offer a host of other benefic ial investment attributes. On the downside, blue chip stocks tend to be quite expensive and often have little room for growth.
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