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American Stock Exchange (AMEX)
The Amex was known until 1921 as the "Curb Exchange", and to this day is sometimes affectionately referred to as the "Curb".The stocks and bonds traded on the Amex tend to be those of smaller to medium sized companies compared to firms listed on competing exchangeslike the NYSE and NASDAQ. In recent years, the Amex has become a leading developer and listing place for exchange-traded funds or ETFs. TheAmex is located in downtown Manhattan.
American Style Option
An option contract that can be exercised at any time between the date of purchase and the expiration date. Most exchange-traded options are American style.
Amortization
The paying off of debt in regular installments over a period of time.
Analyst
Employee of a brokerage or fund management house who studies companies and makes buy and sell recommendations on their stocks. Most specialize in a specific industry.
Anaume
Candlestick formation. An exceptional exhaustion pattern (meaning 'gap filling') composed of five candles. The anaume occurs when the gap is filled in after a market price has changed directions. This pattern coupled with the other patterns indicates a strong potential for a bullish reversal and price advance.
Annual and Semi-annual Reports
Reports issued twice a year to a fund's shareholders detailing the fund's performance, portfolio holdings and current investment strategy.
Annual Earnings Change Percent
The historical earnings change between the most recently reported fiscal year earnings and the preceding.
Annual Fund Operating Expenses
For investment companies, the management fee and "other expenses," including the expenses for maintaining shareholder records, providing shareholders with financial statements, and providing custodial and accounting services. For 12b-1 funds, selling and marketing costs are included.
Annual Net Profit Margin Percent
The percentage that the company earned from gross sales for the most recently reported fiscal year.
Annual Percentage Rate (APR)
The cost of credit that the consumer pays, expressed as a simple annual percentage.
Annual Report
A report issued by a company to its shareholders at the end of the fiscal year containing a description of the firm's operations and financial statements.
Annual Return
The simple rate of return earned by an investment for each year.
Annual Turnover
Percentage of value of stocks in a portfolio that are sold and replaced with new stocks each year. Turnover in indexing should be low.
Annuity
A series of constant payments at uniform time intervals (for example, periodic interest payments on a bond).
Appreciation
An increase in a fund's value.
Arbitrage
The simultaneous buying and selling of a security at two different prices in two different markets, resulting in profits without risk. Perfectly efficient markets present no arbitrage opportunities.
Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT)
An alternative model to the capital asset pricing model developed by Stephen Ross and based purely on arbitrage arguments.
Arbitrage-free Option-pricing Models
Yield curve option-pricing models.
Arbitrageur
An individual or company that takes advantage of momentary disparities in prices between markets which enables them to lock in profits because the selling price is higher than the buying price.
Arithmetic Mean Return
An average of the subperiod returns, calculated by summing the subperiod returns and dividing by the number of subperiods.
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