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Glossary

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Viewing terms 1 - 14 of 14

U.S. Treasury Fund
A fund that invests primarily in financial instruments issued or guaranteed by the U.S. Treasury or its agencies.
Uncovered Option
A short option position, also called a "naked" option, in which the writer does not own shares of underlying stock. This is a much riskier strategy than a covered option.
Underlying Instrument
A trading instrument subject to purchase upon exercise. The thing that the parties agree to exchange in a derivative contract.
Undervalued
A security selling below the value the market value analysts believe it is worth.
Underwriter
The organization that acts as the distributor of a mutual fund's shares to broker/dealers and investors.
Undiversifiable Risk
Related: Systematic risk
Unit Investment Trust
A structure used by some ETFs. One important difference between this format and the open-end fund format is that the latter allows ETFs to reinvest dividends immediately, while the former does not. This could result in ETFs that use the unit investment trust structure having a slight cash drag on their performance.
Unrealized Gain or Loss
Increases or decreases in the prices of securities held by the fund.
Unsystematic Risk
Also called the diversifiable risk, residual risk, or company-specific risk, the risk that is unique to a company such as a strike, the outcome of unfavorable litigation, or a natural catastrophe. Related: Systematic risk
Upside
The potential for prices to move up.
Upside Break-even
The upper price at which a trade breaks-even.
Upstairs Market
A network of trading desks for the major brokerage firms and institutional investors that communicate with each other by means of electronic display systems and telephones to facilitate block trades and program trades.
Uptick Trade
Related: Tick-test rules
Utility Fund
A fund that invests primarily in securities issued by companies in the utilities industry.
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