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Glossary

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Viewing terms 1 - 17 of 17

Hammering the Market
The intense selling of stocks by speculators who think the market is about to drop because they think prices are inflated.
Health and Biotechnology Funds
A fund that invests primarily in the stocks of companies in the medical industry.
Hedge
A strategy used to reduce financial risk, or the possibility of loss. For example, an investor owning 100 shares of the Nasdaq 100 (QQQ), could hedge that long position by owning a short position, or one put option.
Hedge Fund
A mutual fund that uses futures to offset investment risk. For example, a fund manager concerned about declining stock prices might hedge his or her holdings by buying a put option of some stocks. Put options, call options and selling short are widely used hedging tools for stock fund managers. Hedging is also used extensively in international funds that attempt to minimize currency risks. The fund's prospectus discloses whether or not a fund engages in hedging.
Hedger
One who purchases or sells a futures contract as a temporary substitute for a transaction to be made at a later date. Related: Hedge
High (hi)
The highest price that was paid for a stock during a certain period.
High and Low
Refers to the high and low transactions prices that occur each trading day.
High Current Yield Fund
A fund that seeks to provide a relatively high current yield. High current yield funds tend to invest primarily in lower grade fixed income securities without any quality or maturity restrictions.
High Flyer
A speculative high-priced stock that moves up and down sharply over a short period of time.
High-Tech Stock
Refers to the stock of companies involved in high-technology industries, such as computers, biotechnology, robotics, electronics, and semiconductors.
High-Yield Bond Fund
A fund that invests primarily in high yield bonds, also referred to as junk bonds. High yield bond funds generally seek high returns and tend to be one of the riskier bond fund investments.
Historic Volatility
A measurement of how much a contract's price has fluctuated over a period of time in the past; usually calculated by taking a stand`ard deviation of price changes over a time period.
Historical Yield
Yield provided by a fund (typically a money market fund) over a specific time period.
Holder
The purchaser of an option. Also known as the option buyer.
Holding Period Return
Also called the ex post return, the return on a portfolio over a period of time.
HOLDRs
Holding company depository receipts, a type of ETF marketed by Merrill Lynch. Unlike other ETFs, HOLDRs can only be bought and sold in 100-share increments. HOLDRs do not have creation units like other ETFs, but investors may exchange 100 shares of a HOLDR for its underlying stocks at any time. Existing HOLDRs focus on narrow industry groups. Each initially owns 20 stocks, but they are unmanaged, and so can become more concentrated due to mergers, or the disparate performance of their holdings.
Hybrid Security
A convertible security whose optioned common stock is trading in a middle range, causing the convertible security to trade with the characteristics of both a fixed-income security and a common stock instrument.
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